Mastering target audience analysis: Proven strategies unveiled

26 September 2023
12 minutes

In short

Whether you are a B2B service provider that caters to dozens of sectors or a modestly sized B2C that has a very specific niche, you still have an ideal customer profile. But creating the content and campaigns that make those all-important connections isn’t easy. That’s where target audience analysis comes in.

Welcome to your complete guide to mastering target audience analysis. This handy how-to is not just about understanding your audience; it’s about unlocking the potential to transform your marketing efforts into precision tools that yield impressive results.

Your target audience is more than just a demographic; they are the heartbeat of your marketing strategy. To connect, engage and convert, you need to delve deep into their preferences, habits and pain points. This guide will unveil proven strategies that go beyond surface-level insights, offering you a profound understanding of your audience.

We’ll explore why target audience analysis is integral to your marketing efforts and how it can be harnessed for content creation, product development, and advertising campaigns. By the end of this guide, you’ll be equipped with the knowledge and tools to elevate your marketing game, captivate your audience and drive your business towards success.

So, let’s not delay a moment longer. It’s time to discover how target audience analysis can revolutionise your marketing endeavours.

What is target audience analysis and why is it important?

Before we dive into the strategies and techniques, let’s shine a spotlight on the crucial question: Why does target audience analysis matter?

Imagine you’re a chef preparing a sumptuous meal for a group of guests. You have a kitchen full of ingredients and a variety of recipes at your disposal. Your goal is to create a culinary masterpiece that delights and satisfies your guests’ palates. However, there’s a twist – you have no information about your guests’ dietary preferences, allergies, or taste preferences.

In this scenario, your cooking is akin to marketing without careful target audience analysis. Without knowing your audience you’re essentially cooking blindfolded. You might create a dish that some guests enjoy, but you’re also likely to prepare meals that don’t align with their tastes or dietary requirements.

To truly impress your guests and ensure everyone leaves the table happy, you need to gather information about their culinary preferences in advance. This way, you can tailor your dishes to their liking and create a dining experience that leaves a lasting impression.

graphic illustrating two people working on content target audience analysis

What are the benefits of knowing your target audience?

Defining your target audience requires some time investment but the rewards are well worth the effort. Let’s explore some of the benefits.

You'll significantly lower your costs

Having a deep knowledge of who you are selling to means less waste and more time to spend on connecting with a receptive audience on the channels they prefer, with the messaging that will capture their attention and their imaginations. Effective targeting translates to higher engagement, more conversions and a better return on investment (ROI).

When your marketing messages strike a chord with your audience, they’re more likely to take the desired actions, whether it’s making a purchase, subscribing, or sharing your content.

Stay ahead of the competition

In today’s competitive landscape, staying ahead requires understanding your audience’s preferences and pain points better than your competitors. When you’re the brand that truly “gets” your customers, you gain a significant advantage.

Enhanced product development

Understanding your audience allows you to tailor your products or services to their specific needs and desires. This can lead to the creation of offerings that resonate more deeply with your target market, increasing the chances of success and customer satisfaction.

Improved customer relationships

Knowing your audience on a personal level fosters stronger relationships. You can communicate with them in a way that feels genuine and relatable, which can lead to increased trust and loyalty. Customers who feel understood are more likely to become brand advocates. Considering that a staggering 92% of consumers trust word-of-mouth recommendations, this is definitely a goal that is worth pursuing.

More effective content creation

Content marketing is a powerful tool, but it’s only effective when it speaks directly to your audience’s interests and concerns. Knowing your target audience enables you to create content that educates, entertains, or inspires them, making it more likely to be shared and engaged with.

Better decision-making

When you have a clear understanding of your audience, you can make more informed decisions across your organisation. This includes not just marketing but also product development, pricing strategies and even expansion plans. You’ll have the data-backed insights to guide your choices which puts you in a good position to optimise the success of your campaigns.

Reduced risk of missteps

Marketing missteps, such as tone-deaf ads or insensitive messaging like these cringeworthy examples, can seriously damage your brand’s reputation. Knowing your audience helps you avoid these pitfalls by ensuring your communications are culturally and socially relevant.

Effective scaling

As your business grows, knowing your target audience becomes even more crucial. It enables you to identify new market segments or niches that align with your brand, making expansion more manageable and profitable.

Now let’s look at different types of target audiences.

What’s the difference between target audience and target market

These two terms are frequently interchanged but hold distinct meanings. These distinctions may seem subtle, but they are crucial in crafting effective marketing campaigns and strategies. Let’s explore these terms in detail.

Target audience

A target audience represents a specific, well-defined group of individuals or consumers that a business or marketer aims to reach and engage with through their marketing efforts. It is a focused subset within the broader target market. This group shares common characteristics, interests and needs that make them more likely to respond positively to the marketing messages and offerings.

Target market

On the other hand, the target market encompasses a more extensive segment that a product or service is designed for. It includes various target audiences, each representing a distinct group within the overall market. The target market defines the overarching customer base that the business seeks to serve.

graphic showing different demographic groups for target audience analysis

What are the different types of target audiences I need to analyse?

As you have no doubt gathered, understanding your target audience is a nuanced task. People are diverse, and their preferences and behaviours vary.

Don’t worry if you need to create content for a number of audience segments — you’re in good company. In fact, a survey by HubSpot revealed that marketing to three audience groups is most common.

To effectively analyse your target audience, you should explore various aspects of their buyer profile. Here are a few examples of target audiences to consider for analysis.


Demographics of your target audience are often the best place to start. This involves categorising your audience based on factors like age, gender, income, education, marital status and location. These characteristics can provide valuable insights into consumer behaviour and preferences.


What are the passions, hobbies and interests that drive your audience? Understanding these can help you tailor your content and products to align with the things that make them tick.

Purchase intention

Are your audience members casual browsers or serious buyers? Recognising their intent can influence your marketing approach. For instance, serious buyers might respond better to product or service-focused content that helps them understand how your brand might help them solve day-to-day problems or make their lives easier.

Top tip: Videos can be great for nudging those leads through the buyer journey. In fact, product demos and social videos are considered the most popular types of content for B2B marketers to engage with their audience.

Psychographic segmentation

This focuses on the psychological aspects of your audience, such as their values, beliefs, interests, hobbies and lifestyles. Understanding these factors helps you create content that resonates on a deeper level.

Behavioural segmentation

Analysing consumer behaviour involves looking at how your audience interacts with your brand, their purchase history, brand loyalty and other behavioural patterns. This information can guide your marketing strategies and product offerings.

Geographic segmentation

Consider where your audience is located. Different regions may have varying needs and preferences. This is particularly important if your business serves a global or multi-location audience.

Technographic segmentation

In today’s digital age, understanding your audience’s technology preferences and usage is vital. Are they early adopters of technology, or do they prefer traditional methods? This information can inform your digital marketing efforts and the channels you prioritise.

Customer journey stage

Understanding where your audience is in their customer journey—awareness, consideration, or decision-making—can help you provide the right information at the right time, guiding them toward conversion.

Brand loyalty

Segment your audience based on their loyalty to your brand. Are they loyal customers, occasional buyers, or completely new prospects? Tailor your communication to nurture relationships and foster loyalty.

Social media behaviour

If you’re active on social media, analyse your audience’s behaviour on all relevant platforms. Different platforms may attract different audience segments, each with unique expectations for content.

Language and cultural preferences

For international audiences, understanding language and cultural preferences is essential. Your messaging and content may need localisation to resonate effectively. Although over half (52%) of websites are in English, the content only reaches 25% of all internet users.

We would love to help you connect with your customers across all the audience groups you are targeting. Download our Mollie case study to find out how we helped them localise up to 50 content pieces each month to 3 different markets.

Disadvantages of target audience analysis

While target audience analysis offers numerous benefits, it’s important to be aware of potential disadvantages. These include:

  • Exclusivity: Focusing too narrowly on a target audience can exclude potential customers who fall outside that segment. Striking the right balance is key.
  • Changing customer preferences: Audience preferences can evolve rapidly, especially in fast-paced industries. Staying updated requires continuous analysis and adaptation.
  • Complexity: Target audience analysis can be complex and time-consuming, especially for businesses with diverse customer bases.

How to create a target audience analysis

Now let’s delve into how to find your target audience and how to create your target audience analysis, so you can ensure your efforts are streamlined and effective.

Step 1: Analyse your customer base and carry out client interviews

Begin by thoroughly examining your existing customer base. Your current customers are a treasure trove of information about your target audience. Here’s how you can gather valuable insights:

  • Conduct surveys or interviews: Direct feedback from your customers can be priceless. Design surveys or conduct interviews to understand their needs, preferences and pain points.
  • Analyse online behaviour: Dive into the data collected from your website or app. Identify patterns in your target market and trends in user behaviour. Which pages do they visit most? What products or services are they interested in? This data can provide deep insights into their preferences. If you’re not confident with using programs like Google Analytics, don’t worry. There are plenty of resources online or you could even do a course with the Google Analytics Academy.
  • Seek feedback: Encourage your customers to provide feedback. What do they love about your products or services? What could be improved? Understanding their perspective is essential. Then, don’t forget to act on their insights and report back if appropriate.

Step 2: Conduct market research and identify industry trends

In addition to insights from your existing customers, conducting broader market research is crucial. This involves studying your industry, competitors and emerging trends. It helps you:

  • Identify gaps in the market: Investigate the market to identify gaps or unmet needs that your product or service can address. Understanding these gaps can inform your targeting strategy.
  • Competitive analysis: Study your competitors closely. Who are they targeting? What messaging and content strategies are they using? Identifying your competitors’ audience and strategies can help you refine your approach and make sure you stand out from the crowd.
  • Trendspotting: Keep a finger on the pulse of industry trends. Understand how these trends affect consumer preferences and behaviours. Staying informed is key to adapting your targeting efforts effectively.

Step 3: Look at your social followers

Social media platforms offer a wealth of data about your audience. Analyse your social followers to gain insights such as:

  • Demographics: Discover the age, location, gender and other demographic details of your social followers.
  • Interests: What content do they engage with on social media? What are their hobbies and interests? Understanding their passions can guide your content creation and help shape your marketing messaging and personalisation activities.
  • Platform preferences: Determine which social platforms they prefer and when they’re most active. This knowledge helps you tailor your posting schedule for maximum impact.

Step 4: Analyse competitors

Your competitors can offer valuable insights into audience preferences. Conduct competitive analysis to:

  • Identify competitor audiences: Who are your competitors targeting? Are there overlapping audience segments that you should also consider?
  • Analyse strategies: Study your competitors’ messaging and content strategies. What seems to resonate with their audience? How can you differentiate your approach? You don’t want to replicate their brand or copy their messaging, after all.
  • Identify gaps or opportunities: Are there underserved segments in your industry? Or perhaps there are innovative ways to appeal to your shared audience. Competitor analysis can reveal opportunities for your brand.

Step 5: Create customer personas

As content enthusiasts, we love customer personas. Personas are fictional representations of your ideal customers. They’re based on data and research but take the form of relatable characters. Creating personas helps you:

  • Humanise your audience: Personas put a face and personality on your target audience. This makes it easier to understand and empathise with their needs and discover ways you can serve them.
  • Carry out strategic alignment: By aligning your marketing efforts with specific personas, you ensure your messaging is relevant and resonant. Each persona can represent a different segment of your audience.
  • Make informed Decision-Making: When creating content or planning campaigns, refer to your personas. What would this persona find engaging or entertaining? How can you address their pain points? What do they need from me and what is the best way to give it to them?

Step 6: Define who your target audience isn't

Sometimes, understanding your audience involves recognising who they’re not. Identifying segments that aren’t a good fit for your brand can save resources and prevent misguided marketing efforts. By defining who your target audience isn’t, you refine your targeting and reduce wasted resources.

Step 7: Continuously revise

As every marketer knows, audiences aren’t static; they evolve. As trends change and consumer preferences shift, it’s essential to revisit and revise your target audience analysis regularly. This ongoing process ensures your marketing remains aligned with your audience’s current needs.

Step 8: Use Google Analytics

Google Analytics provides a wealth of data about your website visitors. It offers insights into:

  • Demographics of site visitors: Discover the age, location and interests of your website visitors.
  • User behaviour: Analyse which pages they visit, the duration of their visits and the actions they take on your site.
  • Traffic sources: Understand where your website traffic is coming from, whether it’s organic search, social media, or referrals.
  • By analysing this data, you can fine-tune your online strategies to better reach your target audience.

As you implement these steps in creating your target audience analysis, remember that it’s an ongoing process. Regularly revisit and refine your analysis as your business evolves and consumer behaviours change. Keep your finger on the pulse of your audience to ensure your marketing efforts are always on point.

Infographic about how segmentation is important for reaching your target audience

How to create target personas with the right demographics

As we mentioned above, demographic information is a crucial component of target personas. Here’s how you can gather and use demographic data effectively:

  1. Media kits: Media kits from publishers and social media platforms often provide up-to-date audience demographic information. This data can give you insights into the demographics of your target audience on specific platforms.
  2. Nielsen Ratings: Nielsen, a global information and measurement company, offers audience measurement and demographic data for various media channels. It’s a valuable resource for understanding who’s consuming specific types of content.
  3. Social media: Social media platforms offer built-in analytics tools that provide insights into the demographics of your followers. You can use these tools to understand the age, gender, location and interests of your social audience.
  4. Third-party information: Third-party data providers offer demographic insights based on a wide range of sources. These sources can include public records, surveys and online behaviour tracking.
graphic illustrating different demographics based on age, generation, etc

Target audience examples

To grasp the concept better, let’s consider a couple of real-world examples of target audiences for different businesses:

(Company X) Target audience: Tech-savvy Millennials

Demographics: Age 25-34, urban dwellers, predominantly male.
Interests: Technology, gaming, gadgets, social media.
Pain Points: Staying up-to-date with the latest tech trends, finding reliable tech reviews.
Platforms: Active on Instagram, Twitter and tech forums.

(Company Y) Target audience: Health-conscious parents

Demographics: Age 30-45, parents with young children, both genders.
Interests: Healthy eating, child nutrition, fitness.
Pain Points: Balancing work, parenting and maintaining a healthy family lifestyle.
Platforms: Active on Facebook, Pinterest and parenting blogs.

How to measure the success of your target audience analysis

Here are some key metrics and methods to gauge your success:

  • Audience engagement: Monitor engagement metrics, such as likes, comments, shares and click-through rates (CTRs). A higher engagement rate indicates that your content is resonating with your audience.
  • Conversion rates: Always take the time to track the conversion rates of your marketing campaigns. Are you achieving specific goals such as purchases, sign-ups, or downloads?
  • Customer feedback: Collect feedback from your customers through surveys, reviews, or direct communication. Their comments can provide valuable insights into whether your messaging aligns with their expectations.
  • Audience growth: Keep an eye on the growth of your audience on various channels. Are you attracting and retaining the right audience segments?
  • Sales and revenue: Ultimately, the success of your target audience analysis should translate into increased sales and revenue. Analyse your sales data to see if your marketing efforts are driving tangible results.

Top tip: If you aren’t sure which messaging will hit the right notes with your target audience, try A/B testing. Experiment with different messaging and content to see what resonates best with your target audience’s styles of content, CTAs, headlines and so forth but remember to just test one thing at a time or you won’t know what’s working and what isn’t.

Hitting that target — your journey starts here

Mastering target audience analysis is the linchpin of effective and result-driven marketing. It’s the key that unlocks doors to engagement, conversion and growth. Now, as you embark on your journey of audience analysis, here are some key takeaways and top tips to keep in mind:

  1. Continual refinement: Audience analysis is not a one-time task. Regularly revisit your data and adjust your strategies to stay aligned with evolving customer preferences and trends.
  2. Use data wisely: Data is your ally, but drowning in it can be counterproductive. Focus on the metrics that matter most for your business goals.
  3. Segmentation is key: Don’t treat your audience as a monolith. Segment them based on various criteria like demographics, interests, and behaviours to tailor your strategies more effectively.
  4. Empathy is everything: Put yourself in your audience’s shoes. Understand their problems, needs and desires. Your marketing efforts should be a solution to their challenges.
  5. Consistency matters: Consistency in messaging and branding builds trust and recognition. Make sure your audience experiences a coherent brand identity across all touchpoints.
  6. Monitor and adapt: Keep a watchful eye on your campaigns and content performance. Tweak and adapt your strategies based on real-time insights and changing market conditions.
  7. Test and experiment: Don’t be afraid to try new approaches. A/B testing and experimenting with different content formats can yield valuable insights.
  8. Engage and interact: Engage with your audience actively. Respond to comments, questions, and feedback promptly. Show your audience that you value their input.

Target audience analysis is an ongoing mission. The more you invest in understanding your audience, the better your marketing strategies will become. By taking the time to truly know your audience, you’re not only improving your ROI but also building a loyal customer base that believes in your brand. So, continue to monitor, adapt and refine your efforts and your marketing campaigns will get the attention they deserve.

Remember, that you don’t have to struggle when creating the amount of content you need to achieve your goals. After all, we only have a certain amount of hours in the day. If you need support with strategic content marketing, content creation, SEO, or transcreation, we’d love to help! Click here to learn why Contentoo is the preferred choice for quality, speed, and expertise in content marketing.

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